Even many Phoenicians don't know that
the mountain range which divides the city into northern and southern parts has a
name. Shaw Butte, North Mountain, Squaw Peak, Mummy Mountain, and Camelback Mountain
are all peaks within the Phoenix Mountains.
It is a typical Basin and Range type mountain range, with steeply
dipping faults (now probably non-active) on each side. If one could take away the
valley fill material on each side, the mountains would appear to be thousands of feet
higher. What we see now are analogous to the tips of icebergs, sticking up out of
ocean water. The bulk of these jagged peaks is below the flat valley floors.
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